One of the oldest Tajik cities in Central Asia is located on the left ban of the River Syr-Darya, in the Sughd Province. Khujand is the second largest city in the country and used to be one of the major cities of the Great Silk Road. Modern Khujand city hasn’t lost its significance due to location. It’s situated on the route from Uzbekistan to the Fergana Valley, and Kyrgyzstan.
The city was founded in 7th-6th centuries BC, thus, it’s more than 2,500 years old. It gained importance because it connected Samarkand and the Fergana Valley. Every coin has two sides, doesn’t it? Strategically important Khujand city was conquered by Alexander the Great. The ruled of Macedonia ordered to reconstruct and rename the city into Alexandria Eskhata. In 8th century, the city was taken over by the Arabs. Five centuries later ruthless warriors of Genghis-khan destroyed it. The city experienced tyranny of Amir Timur. Despite all the damage done by the invaders, the city managed to come back to life and become scientific, cultural, and industrial center of Central Asia. Many ancient scientists and poets called it “the crown of the world”.
Khujand city was known for Oli khujand dynasty. Representatives of the dynasty, all were born in Khujand, always served on highest positions in khanate. They were known for outstanding knowledge, skills, and personal traits. The city that possessed deposits of silver, gold, and other precious metals, the brightest minds of its era, and location on the Great Silk Road has many historical monuments. There’s the Khujand Fortress that was built in 6th-5th centuries BC. There’s grandiose Masdzhidi Dzhami Mosque that consist of 30 columns and a large portal.
Khujand city is a treasury of Tajik culture and history. The city as old as Samarakand is there for you to explore it and immerse in atmosphere of antiquity.