Ganja is the second largest city in Azerbaijan after its capital. One of the major Azerbaijani cities is located on the shore of Ganjachai River, at the foothill of Lesser Caucasus. Rich history of this area, architectural complexes with distinct national motives, and many significant monuments make Ganja a popular sightseeing destination.
The city was located on the Great Silk Road and had large deposits of cooper and iron, basically, Ganja had got what it takes to be a developed center of trade and crafts. Far outside of the country Azerbaijani culture was spread through famous Ganja silk, porcelain, and glassware. The foundation of the city dates back to 9th century, but first settlements inhabited the area in pre-Islamic period; ancient mausoleums were found as evidence. The legend says that during construction of the city treasury was found; that’s why the name of the city derives from Persian word “ganj” – treasure. In 12th-13th centuries, Ganja was the most advanced city and the capital of Atabegs of Azerbaijan. Fortunately, the remnants of past glory of Ganja and finest examples of Azerbaijani culture are there to admire and explore till these days.
The most popular city monument is Juma Mosque; it was built in 17th century from traditional red-brick. It’s said that the architect of the mosque was keen on astronomy, so he made it possible to use the mosque as sundial. You can set your watch by the mosque! There’s a building that’s on UNESCO World Heritage List – Chekyak Hamam. It’s a complex of unique ancient saunas with blue cupolas and impeccable ventilation system. There’s Grave of Javad khan who was a legendary ruler of Ganja Khanate and died during invasion of the Russian army in 1804. Khan said that the city will be taken over only with his death and that was what happened.
Come to this beautiful, drowning in sunshine and greenery of parks city to explore Azerbaijani culture, while enjoying amazing wine and cuisine!