Tajikistan is one of the most ancient countries in the world. It is a real treasury for lovers of cultural tourism and history: mysterious treasures of the Great Silk Road, improbable ancient cities and monuments of ancient civilizations. If you are interested in outdoor activities then you are welcome to the “roof of the world”. You will be pleased with the variety of different routes and itineraries for climbing and trekking in the mountains of the Pamirs and the Fanns. Vivid, colorful, hot and mysterious Tajikistan with incredibly good-natured and hospitable people is becoming more and more popular tourist destination in recent years. Here you can find some interesting facts about tajikistan.
The Republic of Tajikistan is located in Central Asia and it is the smallest country among other central Asian countries. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. Pakistan lies to the south separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. The area is 142,000 km2. The population of the country according to the latest estimates is 8,610,000 people. The capital city is Dushanbe. The main cities are Dushanbe, Khujand, Kulyab, Kurgan-Tube, Khorog, Tursunzade. Official language – Tajik. Language of interethnic communication – Russian. National currency – somoni.
All foreign nationals except citizens of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine, are required to have business or tourist visas to enter the Republic of Tajikistan.
Climate of Tajikistan is continental, dry, with strong altitudinal zones. In the valleys, the climate is subtropical, in the middle stages of the mountains it is moderately warm, and in the high mountains, it is cold. In March and April, the valleys of Tajikistan turn into a large fragrant carpet. This time of year is very beautiful. If you plan to climb to the Pamirs, the best time to do this is from July to September. Hiking tours in the country could be arranged in September.
Attractions of Tajikistan:
Dushanbe, Garm-Chashma, Hissar, Iskanderkul, Istaravshan, Kalai-Khumb, Khorog, Khujand, Kulyab, Kurgan Tube, Pamir Highway, Penjikent.
The Pamir Mountain Range is famous for its numerous 7000+ meter peaks. There are three the most popular and the highest mountains: Ismoil Somoni Peak (former Communism Peak) – 7,495 m; Ibn Sina Peak (former Lenin Peak and still well-known as Lenin Peak) – 7,134 m; Korzhenevskaya Peak – 7,105 m. There are many glaciers in the Pamir Mountains, including the famous Fedchenko Glacier that has an area of approximately 700 square kilometers. It is the longest glacier in the former USSR and the longest glacier outside the Polar region.
For adventure 4×4, motorcycle, and bicycle travelers the best option is the Tajikistan Pamir Highway (otherwise known as M41). It is the world’s second highest international highway. It winds from Osh, Kyrgyzstan all the way to Dushanbe, Tajikistan for a grand total distance of 1,252 kilometers! Rugged, dangerous, extremely weathered, and utterly awesome.
In Tajikistan, there are many mineral and medicinal springs, including the unique thermal spring "Garmchashma" which cures many diseases. Many of the protected natural areas of the Pamir and Fan Mountains are included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. In Khujand there are ruins of the Khujand fortress (5th century BC.). In the Middle Ages it was considered the most fortified one in the whole Central Asia; and the mosque Masjidi Jami (16 century). In addition, Khujand is a popular destination for mountaineers. The city is a starting point for ascents to the massif Ak-Su. Penjikent was once one of the most prosperous cities of the Silk Road. It has more than 5000 years of history and interesting monuments of ancient Zoroastrian civilization Sogdiana, and unique Stone Age excavations. 2500-year-old Istaravshan is famous for its beautiful mosques Havza-Sangin and Savriston, mausoleum and mosque Hazrat Schoch, a blue dome madrassa Kok Gumbaz.
Tajikistan is the center of outdoor recreation, mountaineering, trekking, cultural touring and eco-tourism. You are welcome!