Georgia is a unique country in many respects. Here, everyone can find something of their own. After all, Georgia can offer a lot of kinds of activities for any tourist: the picturesque coasts the Black Sea, a huge number of different balnearies, more than ten thousand monuments of archeology, history, architecture and art, many of which are absolutely unique. Georgians call their country Sakartvelo. And the country is as beautiful as its name.
Georgia is located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is bordered by the Black Sea to the west, by Russia to the north, by Turkey and Armenia to the south, and by Azerbaijan to the southeast. The capital and the largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia has an area 69,700 sq km, and a population of 3,700,000.
Citizens of 95 countries may enter and stay on the territory of Georgia without visa up to 90 days in any 180 day period.
The climate in Georgia is very diverse. In the west it is subtropical, and in the east it is Mediterranean. The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range protects the country from the cold northern winds, creating a special climate. On the Black Sea coast, summers are warm and humid, and winters are mild. The farther away from the Black Sea, the climate becomes colder. The snow lies here all winter. In general, from May to June and in September it is warm and sunny all across the country and in July and August you can go to the Black Sea coast or to the mountains.
Attractions of Georgia:
Adjara, Akhalkalaki, Akhaltsikhe, Alaverdi Cathedral, Ananuri, Bakuriani Ski Resort, Batumi, Bodbe, Bolnisi Sioni, Borjomi, Chiatura, David Gareja, Dmanisi, Gori, Gremi, Gudauri, Ikalto, Kakheti, Khevsureti, Kobuleti, Kutaisi, Mestia, Mtskheta, Nekresi, Poti, Rustavi, Samshvilde, Shuamta Monasteries, Sighnaghi, Stepantsminda (Kazbegi), Tbilisi, Telavi, Tsinandali, Tusheti, Ujarma Fortress, Uplistsikhe, Ushguli, Vardzia, Zugdidi.
Georgia is a very ancient state and that is why here you can find tremendous amount of different monuments of history and architecture. Here is some of the most popular tourist destinations. Famous cave structures of Georgia - cave monastery Vardzia founded by Queen Tamar in the 12th century for protection against the Mongol raids. There are still can be found some parts of the ancient irrigation system. David Gareja rock monastery complex was built in the 6th century and was repeatedly expanded in the 9th and 12th centuries. Here you can see the unique frescoes. Uplistsikhe Cave Town - one of the first human settlements on the territory of Georgia. There can be found the remains of religious and secular buildings that had been constructed for over several millennia.
Tourists interested in nature can find in Georgia many interesting places. For example, in 1912 there was established the first in Georgia Nature Reserve - Lagodekhi. Today there are 14 state reserves, 8 national parks, 12 protected areas, 14 natural monuments, and 2 protected landscapes. They make up 7% of the territory of Georgia (384,684 hectares). Around 75% of Protected Areas covered by forests.
People interested in speleology can enjoy the mysterious natural karst caves Sataplia and Tskaltubo. They stretch for tens of kilometers, and interspersed with underground rivers, lakes and grottoes.
You can lie on the beaches of the Black Sea, walk around evergreen Batumi, enjoy the infinite beauty of the Caucasus Mountains or explore ancient monasteries - no matter how you spent your vacation, one thing is for sure - you will never forget this amazing country - Sakartvelo.