December 25, 2017

5 best historical and architectural sights of China Xinjiang region.

This is the second article devoted to the most popular attractions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Urumqi) that you can add to your Travel China Must visit list. We will advise you to visit 5 most amazing historical and architectural sites of this region.

Kashgar Market

One of the oldest and largest open air markets in the world is located in Kashgar, China, attracting many tourists from all over the world. And this is not surprising – in fact, in the Middle Ages, this city was the main trade point on the Great Silk Route. Sunday market is a place where you can buy everything you want. You will be definitely impressed by the number of trays, the variety of goods and colorful clothes of market visitors. And there are a lot of visitors here, because up to 200 thousand people come here during the day, so it’s better not to come here for people with agoraphobia and ochlophobia.

It is difficult to imagine what can not be bought here, because with a great desire, you can buy here even a horse or donkey, and of course, plenty of souvenirs, ceramics, clothes. Well, for all tired and hungry visitors, amazing Asian cuisine in local cafes will brighten up their Sunday shopping.

Pagoda Sugun – the only Muslim tower-minaret in China, the largest ancient tower in Xinjiang. It is a valuable architectural monument and is protected by the state.

Pagoda Sugun (also known as the minaret of Imin) is a monument of Muslim architecture. It was built on the initiative of theTurfan ruler Imin as a token of gratitude to the Chinese Emperor Qianglong for the mercy granted to them. However, Imin himself did not have time to finish the construction. The minaret’s construction  was  finished by his son, Prince Suleiman. This happened in 1778.

Today, the minaret is a 40-meter building. It has a domed shape, the diameter of the base is 10 meters. At the entrance there are two stelae with carved letters in Chinese and Uighur languages.

In the center of the pagoda is a spiral staircase, along which you can climb to the very top of the building. The upper part of theminaret is an arbor, from which an excellent view of the surroundings opens up. The tower of the minaret harmoniously combines with the Muslim Mosque, located nearby, forming a single architectural ensemble.

Jiaohe Mound – the largest and oldest in the world, well-preserved hillfort. Its total area is 430 thousand square meters. Two rivers, bounding the city from the east and west, make it look like a willow leaf on the map.

Jiaohe was built more than 3000 years ago and therefore is the most ancient city in the Turfan hollow. However, now the city is completely uninhabited. Residents left it at the end of the XIII century, when it was destroyed as a result of a major battle.

During its heyday, Jiaohe was a large fortress, and near ​​its eastern gate you can see the well preserved watchtowers, outposts, sentries and basements.

Among the ruins you can also find buildings that were once objects of religious worship. For example, at the end of the central street there is a large Buddhist temple complex. Its walls were preserved almost in its original form. The facade has a large courtyard, and behind it – Buddhist pavilions with altars. From the east and west there are rows of rooms that were the living quarters for monks.

The ruins of Jiaohe are of great interest to archaeologists and historians who come here to find out what secrets are hiding these ruins.

Kanji well

The largest well of the Jiaohe fortress. Despite the fact that the city itself is uninhabited for the last several centuries, the well has been preserved almost in its original form. It is located in the administrative quarter of the ancient settlement.

The age of the well, like that of Jiaohe itself, is about 3000 years. However, it looks exactly like modern wells: a small well on a paved road with small tiles and vertical piles, to which a cross beam with a cable is attached. The use of the well was similar to the modern one.

The ancient city of Gaochang

Gaochang is the ruins of a once rich, prosperous city. This city, located in the south of the Gobi Desert, in its best years was often compared to a magnificent gem, framed by a lifeless desert.

Gaochang was built in the I century BC. Subsequently, it had taken one of the key positions on the Great Silk Route. This ensured the financial and commercial prosperity of the city. On the same path, Buddhism came to Gaochang, and here one of the first centers of this religion was formed in China. Even now, among the ruins in the streets of Gaochang, you can find buildings that are very similar in appearance to Buddhist sanctuaries, where altars and niches for Buddha statues have been preserved.

The city was destroyed, after having existed for almost 1300 years, in the 13th century during the war between the Mongols who subdued Chinaand the Uighurs. Residents did not stay long in the ruined city, Gaochang very quickly completely emptied.

Today, its former grandeur is reminded only by the ruins of the impressive city walls made from raw bricks. However, the Chinese government intends to reconstruct the monument of architecture and allocates huge funds for this purpose.

Gaochang is open for tourists. Near the gate there are constantly on duty wagons, by which for a small fee you can make a tour of the city and try to imagine ancient Gaochang during its heyday.

Photos from sources – unusualtraveler.com, potolkimaker.com, rutraveller.ru, pinterest.com, topchinatravel.com

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Lake Issyk Kul Wonders

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The price depends on a group size. The price 1150 USD per person is available for groups of 4 people.
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14 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
07/12/2019 - 07/25/2019
08/09/2019 - 08/22/2019

Trek to Glacier Hopping

This trek starts in the At Jailoo Gorge, an amazingly beautiful place, and ends at South Inylchek Base Camp, taking approximately 1 week. From the base camp you'll get stunning views of Nans ...

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The tour price is 2460 USD. The price doesn't depend on the amount of people in a group. The tour will be fulfilled even if only one person buy it.
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22 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
07/02/2019 - 07/23/2019
07/09/2019 - 07/30/2019
07/16/2019 - 08/06/2019
07/23/2019 - 08/13/2019
07/30/2019 - 08/20/2019
08/06/2019 - 08/27/2019
08/13/2019 - 09/03/2019

Lenin Peak Expedition from Bishkek

Go on an expedition to Lenin Peak with an experienced mountaineering guide! Tour dates are fixed and tours are guaranteed to run no matter the number of the group! The tour price includes an ...

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14 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
07/25/2019 - 08/07/2019

Hike in the Tien Shan: 2 Weeks Tour

The trip we offer you below is a light version of program "To the heart of Tien Shan" and trip to Son-Kul lake. It begins in Bishkek, the capitals city of Kyrgyzstan. By a driven car you are ...

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Price from 1780 USD to 3100 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 1780 USD per person is available for groups of 6 people.
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$1325
Price from 1325 USD to 2470 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 1325 USD per person is available for groups of 6 people.
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Price from 2710 USD to 3595 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 2710 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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$1630
Price from 1630 USD to 2495 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 1630 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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Travel from Kyrgyzstan to Uzbekistan: Extreme Silk Road

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$2790
Price from 2790 USD to 3985 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 2790 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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7 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/10/2019 - 04/16/2019
05/01/2019 - 05/07/2019
05/15/2019 - 05/21/2019
05/22/2019 - 05/28/2019
05/29/2019 - 06/04/2019
06/12/2019 - 06/18/2019
06/26/2019 - 07/02/2019
07/24/2019 - 07/30/2019
08/21/2019 - 08/27/2019
09/11/2019 - 09/17/2019
09/25/2019 - 10/01/2019
10/02/2019 - 10/08/2019
10/09/2019 - 10/15/2019
10/16/2019 - 10/22/2019
10/30/2019 - 11/05/2019

Small Group Armenia Tour 2019

If trophy was awarded for cultural historical sights, Armenia would definitely be a winner. Small mountainous country on the height of 1000m above the sea level is rich for its ancient churc ...

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6 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/01/2019 - 04/06/2019
04/22/2019 - 04/27/2019
05/06/2019 - 05/11/2019
05/20/2019 - 05/25/2019
06/03/2019 - 06/08/2019
06/17/2019 - 06/22/2019
07/15/2019 - 07/20/2019
08/12/2019 - 08/17/2019
09/02/2019 - 09/07/2019
09/16/2019 - 09/21/2019
09/23/2019 - 09/28/2019
09/30/2019 - 10/05/2019
10/07/2019 - 10/12/2019
10/21/2019 - 10/26/2019

Small Group Azerbaijan Tour 2019

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10 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/01/2019 - 04/10/2019
04/22/2019 - 05/01/2019
05/06/2019 - 05/15/2019
05/13/2019 - 05/22/2019
05/20/2019 - 05/29/2019
06/03/2019 - 06/12/2019
06/17/2019 - 06/26/2019
07/15/2019 - 07/24/2019
08/12/2019 - 08/21/2019
09/02/2019 - 09/11/2019
09/16/2019 - 09/25/2019
09/23/2019 - 10/02/2019
09/30/2019 - 10/09/2019
10/07/2019 - 10/16/2019
10/21/2019 - 10/30/2019

Azerbaijan and Georgia Tour 2019

Explore Oriental and Westernized Caucasus with Azerbaijan and Georgia group tour with 100% guaranteed departure dates. Group travel will cut your costs and enjoy your adventures with like-mi ...

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13 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/04/2019 - 04/16/2019
04/25/2019 - 05/07/2019
05/09/2019 - 05/21/2019
05/16/2019 - 05/28/2019
05/23/2019 - 06/04/2019
06/06/2019 - 06/18/2019
06/20/2019 - 07/02/2019
07/18/2019 - 07/30/2019
08/15/2019 - 08/27/2019
09/05/2019 - 09/17/2019
09/19/2019 - 10/01/2019
09/26/2019 - 10/08/2019
10/03/2019 - 10/15/2019
10/10/2019 - 10/22/2019
10/24/2019 - 11/05/2019

Georgia and Armenia Tour 2019

Small group Georgia and Armenia tour has collected the most interesting into its rich program. The program is designated to explore Caucasus essentials and what makes it unique: you will vis ...

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16 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/01/2019 - 04/16/2019
04/22/2019 - 05/07/2019
05/06/2019 - 05/21/2019
05/13/2019 - 05/28/2019
05/20/2019 - 06/04/2019
06/03/2019 - 06/18/2019
06/17/2019 - 07/02/2019
07/15/2019 - 07/30/2019
08/12/2019 - 08/27/2019
09/02/2019 - 09/17/2019
09/16/2019 - 10/01/2019
09/23/2019 - 10/08/2019
09/30/2019 - 10/15/2019
10/07/2019 - 10/22/2019
10/21/2019 - 11/05/2019

Caucasus Group Tour 2019

Explore Caucasus in the kilometers of vineyards and shady cellars, mountain peaks, ancient churches, monasteries and castles, hospitable people and endless poetic toasts. Take 16-day schedul ...

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7 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/04/2019 - 04/10/2019
04/25/2019 - 05/01/2019
05/09/2019 - 05/15/2019
05/16/2019 - 05/22/2019
05/23/2019 - 05/29/2019
06/06/2019 - 06/12/2019
06/20/2019 - 06/26/2019
07/18/2019 - 07/24/2019
08/15/2019 - 08/21/2019
09/05/2019 - 09/11/2019
09/19/2019 - 09/25/2019
09/26/2019 - 10/02/2019
10/03/2019 - 10/09/2019
10/10/2019 - 10/16/2019
10/24/2019 - 10/30/2019

Small Group Georgia Tour 2019

Dive deep into the heart of Georgian traditional winemaking, see the country's fascinating natural sceneries ranging from magical valleys to gorgeous mountain ranges, experience the past com ...

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10 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
04/08/2019 - 04/17/2019
04/29/2019 - 05/08/2019
05/20/2019 - 05/29/2019
09/09/2019 - 09/18/2019
09/23/2019 - 10/02/2019
10/07/2019 - 10/16/2019

The Aral sea and oasis of ancient cities

This tour combines the two most popular types of travelling in Uzbekistan: a guided tour of the country with excursions to the legendary historical cities of Khiva, Bukhara and Samarkand wit ...

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$1175
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3 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
02/17/2019 - 02/19/2019
03/03/2019 - 03/05/2019
03/10/2019 - 03/12/2019
03/17/2019 - 03/19/2019
03/24/2019 - 03/26/2019
03/31/2019 - 04/02/2019
04/05/2019 - 04/07/2019
04/07/2019 - 04/09/2019
04/12/2019 - 04/14/2019
04/14/2019 - 04/16/2019
04/26/2019 - 04/28/2019
04/28/2019 - 04/30/2019
05/05/2019 - 05/07/2019
05/17/2019 - 05/19/2019
05/19/2019 - 05/21/2019
06/09/2019 - 06/11/2019
06/30/2019 - 07/02/2019
07/28/2019 - 07/30/2019
08/25/2019 - 08/27/2019
09/01/2019 - 09/03/2019
09/06/2019 - 09/08/2019
09/08/2019 - 09/10/2019
09/13/2019 - 09/15/2019
09/15/2019 - 09/17/2019
09/20/2019 - 09/22/2019
09/22/2019 - 09/24/2019
09/27/2019 - 09/29/2019
09/29/2019 - 10/01/2019
10/04/2019 - 10/06/2019
10/06/2019 - 10/08/2019
10/11/2019 - 10/13/2019
10/13/2019 - 10/15/2019
10/25/2019 - 10/27/2019
10/27/2019 - 10/29/2019
11/17/2019 - 11/19/2019
12/01/2019 - 12/03/2019

Tour of the Fergana Valley

The Fergana Valley is the land of hereditary artisans who have retained the ancient secrets of the manual production of silk and original ceramics until our days. In the valley you can visit ...

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$250
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6 days
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Fixed dates for 2018:
12/30/2018 - 01/04/2019

New Year 2019 in an Oriental Fairy Tale

We would love to invite you to our New Year 2019 party, which you will celebrate away from your everyday problems in an atmosphere of oriental fairytale!   The New Year tour to Uzbekistan i ...

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13 days
Fixed dates
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Fixed dates for 2018:
07/08/2018 - 07/20/2018
07/29/2018 - 08/10/2018

Ascend three summits in the Pamirs

In this adventure tour mountain-lovers can test their abilities at high altitudes of Pamir Mountains. After receiving detailed instructions and a training course from experienced guides the ...

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10 days

The Faces of Asia: Travel from Kyrgyzstan to China

10 days till explore two asian countries yet full of different history. The journey starts in the south of Kyrgyzstan - Osh, then after border passing continues in China. Besides visiting in ...

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$1597
Price from 1597 USD to 2689 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 1597 USD per person is available for groups of 6 people.
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13 days

Travel from Kyrgyzstan to China: Beautiful Scenery & Bustling Bazaars

This 2-week tour starts out in Kyrgyzstan, skips over the border into China, then crosses back into Kyrgyzstan. The first part of the tour in Kyrgyzstan focuses on exposing you to the countr ...

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$1970
Price from 1970 USD to 3180 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 1970 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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14 days

Silk Road Travel: Tour Kyrgyzstan, China & Kazakhstan

This 2-week tour starts in Kyrgyzstan, moves into China, then ends in Kazakhstan for a Silk Road journey you will never forget. Begin by touring Kyrgyzstan's capital city of Bishkek, then go ...

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$3165
Price from 3165 USD to 3860 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 3165 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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16 days

Travel from Kyrgyzstan to Tajikistan: The Modern Silk Road

Spend 16 days exploring Kyrgyzstan, China, and Tajikistan on a tour that takes you over high mountain passes, to a Silk Road caravanserai, beautiful valleys with hot springs to soak in, bust ...

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$2585
Price from 2585 USD to 3585 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 2585 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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19 days

Travel from Kyrgyzstan to China and Uzbekistan: The Epitome of Nature & Architecture

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$3310
Price from 3310 USD to 4180 USD per person (the price depends on a group size). The price 3310 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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1 day

Offroading Games: Karakol - Kajy-Sai (Issyk-Kul Lake)

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$150
Price from 150 USD to 225 USD per group (the price depends on a group size). The price 43 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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1 day

No Frills Excursion of Karakol

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$20
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9 days
Fixed dates
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Fixed dates for 2018:
05/09/2017 - 05/16/2017
08/15/2017 - 08/22/2017
09/12/2017 - 09/19/2017

Cultural tour through Kyrgyzstan and China with fixed dates

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11 days

Mountain biking in Kyrgyzstan

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$1750
Price from 1750 USD. The price depends on a group size. The price 1750 USD per person is available for groups of 5 people.
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